Eucritta melanolimnetesJennifer A. Clack
Eucritta melanolimnetes is a recently described species of tetrapod from the Visean of Scotland. It is one of a range of tetrapods found at the East Kirkton Quarry near Edinburgh. Other taxa include anthracosaurs, temnospondyls, stem amniotes and aistopods, and they represent the earliest known terrestrial tetrapod fauna. Eucritta shows a mixture of temnospondyl-like (eg. wide otic notch) and anthracosaur-like (eg. closed palate, girdle features) characters, but also shows incipiently the anterior embayment of the orbit found in baphetids. It clusters with baphetids in phylogenetic analyses (eg. Clack 1998, 2001, Ruta et al. 2003), as the basalmost member of the clade.
Reconstruction of the skeleton of the holotype specimen of Eucritta melanolimnetes (UMZC T.1347). See Clack (2001). © Jennifer A. Clack
Clack, J. A. 1998 A new Early Carboniferous tetrapod with a mélange of crown group characters. Nature 394: 66-69.
Clack, J. A. 2001 Eucritta melanolimnetes from the Early Carboniferous of Scotland, a stem tetrapod showing a mosaic of characteristics. Trans R. Soc. Ed. 92, 75-95.
Ruta, M., Coates, M. I. & Quicke, D. L. J. 2003. Early tetrapod relationships revisited. Biological Reviews 78: 251-345.
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Jennifer A. Clack
University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge, UK
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Jennifer A. Clack at
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- First online 09 February 2006
Citing this page:
Clack, Jennifer A. 2006. Eucritta melanolimnetes. Version 09 February 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Eucritta_melanolimnetes/58012/2006.02.09 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/